First Landing Dates of Human Spacecraft on Other Worlds

(c) 2015 by Barton Paul Levenson

It's kind of cool that human beings have now landed probes, unmanned or manned or both, on no fewer than six (6) bodies of the Solar system as of this date (1/17/2015). I thought I'd make a list, and update it whenever we add another one.

NB: A landing is counted as successful if the lander operated, however briefly, after landing. Thus Mars 3 edges out Viking 2 (9/09/1975) because Mars 3 did operate for about 20 seconds after landing on Mars. On the other hand, the Venera 3 landing (3/01/1966) involved lost contact and an almost certain crash landing.

WorldTypeLaunch DateLanding DateMissionLanderSponsor
Lunamoon09/12/195909/14/1959Luna 2Luna 2USSR
Venusplanet08/17/197012/15/1970Venera 7Venera 7USSR
Marsplanet05/28/197112/03/1971Mars 3Mars 3USSR
433 Erosasteroid02/17/199602/12/2001NEAR-ShoemakerNEAR-ShoemakerNASA
Titanmoon10/15/199701/14/2005CassiniHuygensNASA, ESA, ASI
67P Churyumov-Gerasimenkocomet03/02/200411/12/2014RosettaPhilaeESA

ASIAgenzia Spaziale Italiana
ESAEuropean Space Agency
NASANational Aeronautics and Space Administration
NEARNear Earth Asteroid Rendezvous
USSRUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics

Page created:01/17/2015
Last modified:  01/17/2015