Absorption Coefficients Catalogued by Absorber

(c) 2014 by Barton Paul Levenson



Introduction

Here I combine my catalog of absorption coefficients and my essay on how to translate their units. This list has the coefficients in alphabetical order by formula. All domains (point and band) are in microns; all absorption coefficients are in m2 kg-1.


Date added:ReferenceAbsorber
Sat 03/28/2015 Bonnel et al. 1980
Fowler & Randall 1994
Griffith et al. 1980
Marcq 2012
Paltridge & Platt 1981
Platt 1976
Schmetz et al. 1981
Stephens 1978
Stephens et al. 1978
Boundary layer clouds
Liquid water clouds, ice clouds
Cirrus
Earth, Venus clouds
Cirrus
Boundary layer clouds
Boundary layer clouds
Liquid water clouds
Boundary layer clouds
Sun 06/14/2015 Majkowski 1977H2SO4 vapor
Mon 06/15/2015 Louge et al. 1984
Keller-Rudek et al. 2013
Prabhakara et al. 1973
NCO radical
BrO radical
CH4, N2O
Tue 06/16/2015 Veerabuthiran and Dudeja 2007 N2H4, H2N2(CH3)2, CH3(NH)NH2


The catalog now includes data on twenty-eight (28) absorbers from forty-six (46) sources:


AbsorberName
BrObromine monoxide radical
C2Cl4perchloroethylene
C2H2acetylene
C2H4ethylene
CCl2F2CFC-12
CCl3FCFC-11
CCl4carbon tetrachloride
CH3CCl3methyl chloroform
CH3(NH)NH2monomethyl hydrazine (MMH)
CH4methane
CHClF2CFC-22
Clouds, Earthwater clouds
Clouds, Venus75% sulfuric acid clouds
CN, etc.smoke or soot
CNH2N+2paraffinic carbon
CO2carbon dioxide
COScarbonyl sulfide
H2N2(CH3)2unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (UDMH)
H2Owater vapor
H2SO4sulfuric acid
N2nitrogen
N2H4hydrazine
N2Onitrous oxide
NCOisocyanate radical
NO2nitrogen dioxide
O3ozone
PM2.5particulate matter, diam. < 2.5 μ
SiO2dust




BrO (bromine monoxide radical)

Keller-Rudek et al. 2013
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.30251260
0.30751630
0.31252850
0.31752460
0.32253770
0.32754730
0.33253940
0.33753700
0.34253230
0.34752510
0.35251430
0.35751080
0.36251010
0.3675 578
0.3725 320




C2Cl4 (perchloroethylene)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
10.9430




C2H2 (acetylene)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
13.921000




C2H4 (ethylene)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
10.52500




CCl2F2 (CFC-12)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
10.8860

Varanasi and Nemtchinov 1994
?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 937,830
1128,640




CCl3F (CFC-11)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
11.81900




CCl4 (carbon tetrachloride)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
12.61900




CH3CCl3 (methyl chloroform)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
9.174270




CH3(NH)NH2 (monomethyl hydrazine = MMH)

Veerabuthiran and Dudeja 2007
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 9.2820.00157
10.1820.00824




CH4 (methane)

Essenhigh 2001
1 atm, 15 C

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
2.22.5147
3.54.5 18.0
6.57  3.2

Griffith et al. 2003
Titan conditions

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.830.000015
0.940.000014
1.070.000007
1.280.000007
1.580.000007
20.000007
2.90.0001

Prabhakara et al. 1973
?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
7.4599  110.96
7.4738  896.67
7.4934   53.98
7.5019  965.64
7.5245   29.99
7.5358  542.80
7.5529   20.99
7.5643  124.45
7.5930   49.48
7.6132    3.00
7.6278   49.48
7.6441    1.50
7.666920692.28
7.6894  811.20
7.6982  931.15
7.7071  583.28
7.7369   68.97
7.7489  511.31
7.7760   20.99
7.7845  604.27
7.8125   20.99
7.8217  299.89
7.8339  127.45
7.8493   22.49
7.8555  362.86
7.8660  224.92
7.8740  392.85
7.8895  119.96
7.9239  392.85
7.9523   25.49
7.9650  302.89
7.9904   13.49
8.0128  230.91
8.0354   68.97
8.0438  137.95
8.0671   29.99
8.0775  197.93
8.1011    6.00
8.1235  127.45
8.1566    6.00
8.1833   53.98
8.2440    1.50
8.2604   34.49

Sanchez-Lavega 2011
200 mb, Jovian atmosphere conditions

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.6190.0008
0.7250.006
0.8900.1

Sanchez-Lavega 2011
500 mb, Jovian atmosphere conditions

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.8900.0292

Scott et al. 1992
sea-level?

λ (μ)k (m2 kg-1)
1.33830.82

Tanaka et al. 1993
1 atm, T not given, I assumed 293 K ("NTP")

λ (μ)k (m2 kg-1)
1.665960




CHClF2 (CFC-22)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
8.9452200




Clouds

SourceTypeEM Domaink, m2 kg-1
Bonnel et al. 1980boundary layer8-14 μ130
Fowler & Randall 1994liquid waterthermal IR130
Fowler & Randall 1994icethermal IR 80
Griffith et al. 1980cirrusthermal IR 76-96
Larsen et al. 2007liquid waterthermal IR119
Lubin 1994Antarctic maritimemid-IR 65
Marcq 2012liquid water (Earth)thermal IR130
"liquid 75% H2SO4, 25% H2O (Venus)thermal IR400
McCaa 2004liquid waterthermal IR 90.361
Paltridge & Platt 1981cirrus 10-12 μ
thermal IR
 80
 56
Phillips 1998liquid waterthermal IR130
"icethermal IR 65
Platt 1976boundary layer10-12 μ130
Schmetz et al. 1981boundary layer11 μ110-150
Stephens 1978liquid water, downward 4.54-8.33 μ
8.33-13.9
13.9-250
thermal IR
230
116
327
158
"liquid water, upwardthermal IR130
Stephens et al. 1978boundary layerthermal IR 80




CN (smoke or soot)

Gramsch et al. 2004
ground conditions, Santiago de Chile

wavelength domainka (m2 kg-1)
shortwave4450 ± 10

Sharma 2007
column over Kuwait

wavelength domaintypeka (m2 kg-1)
shortwaveaged1800
shortwavefresh4500-9820

Verstraete 1986
sea-level conditions?

wavelength domainka (m2 kg-1)
shortwave500-6000




CNH2N+2 (paraffinic carbon)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
3.367310




CO2 (carbon dioxide)

Bartko and Hanel 1968
Venus cloud-top conditions

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 6.25 9.09 0.0026
 9.0910 0.11
1010.932
10.911.436
11.412.3 0.052
12.313.9 0.0028
13.915.2 0.000017
15.216 0.00041
1618.2 0.00087
29.940 0.037
4050 0.00003
50inf 0.000082

Elsasser and Culbertson 1960
1 atm, 273 K

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
12.30.00000753
12.50.0000207
12.70.0000598
12.80.000154
13.00.000424
13.20.00109
13.30.00274
13.50.00671
13.70.0161
13.90.000424
14.10.0970
14.30.233
14.50.509
14.71.06
14.91.37
15.21.22
15.40.736
15.60.314
15.90.125
16.10.0454
16.40.0161
16.70.00444
16.90.00119
17.20.000255
17.50.0000454
17.90.00000546

Essenhigh 2001
1 atm, 15 C

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
1.92.1334
2.62.9 71.00
4.14.5  9.356
1317  0.754

Evans 2001
1000 mb, 296 k

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
14.27816.3

Gonima 1992
sea-level

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
13.23513.545 0.17
13.54513.995 0.82
14.00016.00020.00
16.00016.660 0.88

Hanel et al. 1963
?

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
14.014.50.04
14.515.50.2
15.516.00.04

Schneider et al. 1989
1 atm N2, 296 K

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
4.218357546 ± 82.2
4.217390546 ± 82.2

Werbe-fuentes et al. 2008
?

λPEAK (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
1.437> 230
1.955    5.7
2.013    9.8
2.060    9.8




COS (carbonyl sulfide)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
4.8662800




H2N2(CH3)2 (unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine = UDMH)

Veerabuthiran and Dudeja 2007
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
10.3180.000701
10.6960.00832




H2O (water vapor)

Bartko and Hanel 1968
Venus cloud-top conditions

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 1.25 5.8851
 1.25 3.8580
 3.85 520
 5 6.25 1.4
 6.25 9.09 0.3
 9.0910 0.3
18.220.2 3.5
20.229.9 1.4
4050 0.031
50inf 0.18

Elsasser and Culbertson 1960
1 atm, 273 K

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)ka [continuum] (m2 kg-1)
  4.39 0.00000389 
  4.46 0.0000204 
  4.55 0.0000933 
  4.63 0.000380 
  4.72 0.00132 
  4.81 0.00398 
  4.90 0.0110 
  5.00 0.0257 
  5.10 0.0617 
  5.21 0.138 
  5.32 0.316 
  5.43 0.813 
  5.56 2.40 
  5.68 7.24 
  5.8114.8 
  5.9519.5 
  6.1012.0 
  6.25 3.63 
  6.29 3.09 
  6.4110.2 
  6.5828.8 
  6.7611.2 
  6.94 4.37 
  7.14 1.86 
  7.35 0.708 
  7.58 0.224 
  7.81 0.0550 
  8.06 0.0117 
  8.33 0.002950.00117
  8.62 0.0008510.000955
  8.93 0.0002400.000813
  9.26 0.00007080.000708
  9.62 0.00002040.000676
 10.0 0.000005890.000661
 10.4 0.000001780.000661
 10.9 0.000001580.000676
 11.4 0.000006310.000724
 11.9 0.00002570.000776
 12.5 0.0001000.000871
 13.2 0.0003630.00105
 13.9 0.001200.00132
 14.7 0.003800.00166
 15.6 0.0107 
 16.7 0.0282 
 17.9 0.0708 
 19.2 0.170 
 20.8 0.398 
 22.7 0.891 
 25.0 2.00 
 27.8 4.47 
 31.3 9.12 
 35.717.0 
 41.728.2 
 50.040.7 
 62.549.0 
 83.346.8 
12529.5 
25011.0 
500 1.26 

Essenhigh 2001
1 atm, 15 C

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 1.8 2714
 2.5 3 71.4
 5 8 11
1225  0.86

Gonima 1992
sea-level

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 5.000  5.500 4.000
 5.500  7.00017.350
 7.000  7.160 0.815
 7.155  7.285 0.525
 7.285  7.435 0.310
 7.435  7.905 0.470
 7.900  8.000 0.086
 8.000  8.160 0.014
 8.155  8.285 0.011
 8.285  8.635 0.014
 8.630 10.630 0.006
10.630 11.630 0.005
11.625 12.275 0.016
12.280 12.460 0.029
12.465 13.035 0.061
13.030 13.230 0.083
16.670 17.750 0.338
17.755 17.845 0.160
17.845 18.015 0.100
18.015 18.105 0.148
18.110 18.470 0.320
18.470 18.650 0.152
18.650 18.930 0.100
18.930 19.110 0.170
19.110 20.070 0.360
20.070 20.270 0.240
20.270 20.470 0.156
20.470 20.770 0.250
20.770 21.070 0.165
21.075 21.805 0.635
21.800 22.200 1.270
22.200 22.400 0.300
22.400 23.000 0.660
23.000 23.600 0.320
23.600 24.060 2.620
24.055 24.165 0.770
24.170 24.290 0.200
24.290 24.410 0.100
24.410 24.530 0.050
24.530 24.650 0.110
24.650 24.770 0.216
24.770 24.890 0.290
24.890 26.010 2.620
26.020 26.540 0.500
26.530 27.050 0.780
27.045 27.315 2.620
27.320 27.720 0.300
27.720 28.000 2.620
28.000 30.00011.800
30.000 34.00016.050
34.000 35.000 9.000
35.000 38.00020.000
38.000 38.100 0.900
38.105 38.295 0.480
38.290 38.670 0.310
38.670 39.050 0.560
39.050 39.250 1.100
39.255 41.20520.000
41.210 41.410 1.100
41.410 41.610 0.620
41.615 41.825 0.320
41.795 42.205 0.100
42.235 42.445 0.160
42.435 42.645 0.520
42.655 43.005 0.900
43.280100.00020.000

Hanel et al. 1963
?

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 6.33  6.5010
 6.50  6.6725
 6.67  6.8510
10.75 11.75 0.0000050
21.00 25.00 1
25.00 30.00 4
30.00 40.0016
40.00125.0040

Kondratiev and Niilisk 1960
1 atm, 300 K

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
12130.025
13140.084
14150.13
15160.165
16170.44
17181.72

Lundt and Kinnunen 1976
?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
27.97145 ± 8

Roberts et al. 1976
sea-level conditions?

continuum:

a = 0.42 m2 kg-1
b = 555.8 m2 kg-1
β = 0.0000787 m

k(ν, 296K) = a + b exp(-β ν)

k(ν, T) = k(ν, 296K) exp [T0 (1/T - 1/296)]

where T0 = 1800 K.

Tarasova and Fomin 2000
?

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.550.70 0.025620
0.701.22 2.103857
1.222.27 9.919335
2.272.8078.402938

Yamamoto 1953
1 atm, 300 K

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
12130.044
13140.052
14150.063
15160.076
16170.094
17180.129




H2SO4 (sulfuric acid)

Eng et al. 1978
1 atm N2, 296 K?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 8.183160
11.4170

Majkowski 1977
?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
8.183102 ± 3.7

McCaa 2004
stratosphere conditions

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 4.55 8.33 70.257384
 5.00 8.33271.38528
 8.3310.0363.43643
 8.3312.5285.28294
10.012.5120.39569
12.515.4 63.073303
12.5inf 70.257384
15.420.0102.73851




N2 (nitrogen)

Okabe 1978
stratosphere conditions?

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.1160.1454.3

Rinsland et al. 1981
?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
4.0000.0000134
4.0080.0000148
4.0160.0000167
4.0240.0000186
4.0320.0000206
4.0400.0000233
4.0490.0000266
4.0570.0000299
4.0650.0000339
4.0730.0000386
4.0820.0000426
4.0900.0000467
4.0980.0000515
4.1070.0000556
4.1150.0000598
4.1240.0000619
4.1320.0000641
4.1410.0000654
4.1490.0000666
4.1580.0000673
4.1670.0000692
4.1750.0000692

Weissler et al. 1952
?

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.076- 54,000
0.06610.0796221,000




N2H4 (hydrazine)

Veerabuthiran and Dudeja 2007
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
10.6110.0333
10.6750.0145




N2O (nitrous oxide)

Hanst et al. 1975
sea-level conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
3.88332
8.688 8.1

Prabhakara et al. 1973
?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
7.4599  5.47
7.4738 10.38
7.4934 21.86
7.5019 28.42
7.5245 56.84
7.5358 78.70
7.5529124.61
7.5643169.43
7.5930297.87
7.6132317.00
7.6278374.39
7.6441530.15
7.6669710.51
7.6894601.20
7.6982546.55
7.7071491.89
7.7369347.06
7.7489276.01
7.7760235.02
7.7845284.21
7.8125426.31
7.8217476.59
7.8339541.08
7.8493470.03
7.8555456.37
7.8660393.52
7.8740361.82
7.8895297.87
7.9239183.64
7.9523124.61
7.9650106.03
7.9904 72.14
8.0128 56.84
8.0354 40.44
8.0438 36.62
8.0671 26.23
8.0775 23.50
8.1011 13.12
8.1235 12.57
8.1566  7.92
8.1833  5.47
8.2440  0.98
8.2604  0.98




NCO (isocyanate radical)

Louge et al. 1984
high T, low p

λ (μ)T (K)p (Atm)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.30468114700.6311,000 (-5,500 +14,000)
0.44047914500.6031,000 (-14,000 +37,000)




NO2 (nitrogen dioxide)

Schneider et al. 1987
?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.42706
0.45609
0.50325
0.55 13.1
0.60 38.2
0.65 15.8




O3 (ozone)

Bartko and Hanel 1968
Venus cloud-top conditions

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
16.018.23.8

Chou and Lee 1996
stratosphere conditions

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.1750.225 1527
0.2250.245 9384.1
0.2450.2815132
0.280.295 2147
0.3950.31  355.3
0.310.32   62.6
0.320.4    1.50
0.40.7    2.51

Elsasser and Culbertson 1960
1 atm, 273 K

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 8.850.00148
 8.930.0234
 9.010.0467
 9.090.0295
 9.170.0234
 9.260.0263
 9.350.0932
 9.431.05
 9.511.48
 9.570.371
 9.641.48
 9.710.932
 9.800.740
 9.900.416
10.00.186
10.10.0740
10.20.0186
10.30.00295
12.20.0000295
12.50.000186
12.80.000740
13.20.00186
13.50.0371
13.80.00467
14.10.00234
14.50.00371
14.90.00234
15.40.000932
15.90.000234
16.40.0000117

Gonima 1992
sea-level

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
 9.075 9.265 34.0
 9.260 9.320130.0
 9.320 9.400272.0
 9.400 9.480406.0
 9.475 9.605395.0
 9.615 9.745333.0
 9.740 9.860216.0
 9.855 9.945112.0
 9.95510.045 40.0
10.04510.135  7.5

Hanel et al. 1963
?

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
8.90 9.350.0063
9.35 9.90.16
9.910.10.0063

McDade 2007
stratosphere conditions?

λ (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
9.00910

Sharma 2007
stratosphere conditions

λLo (μ)λHi (μ)ka (m2 kg-1)
0.220.24 6094.67
0.250.2712425.1
0.280.30 2335.37




PM2.5 (particulate matter, aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 μ)

Gramsch et al. 2004
ground conditions, Santiago de Chile

wavelength domainka (m2 kg-1)
shortwave1020 ± 30




SiO2 (dust)

Verstraete 1986
sea-level conditions?

wavelength domainka (m2 kg-1)
shortwave1500-12,000




References

Bartko F, Hanel RA 1968. Non-gray equilibrium temperature distributions above the clouds of Venus. ApJ 151, 365-378.

Bonnel B, Fouquardt Y, Fravalo C, Rosset R, Vanhouette J 1980. Radiative properties of stratocumulus clouds. Int. Radiative Symp. Vol. of Extended Abstracts, Ft. Collins, 462-464.

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